Decisions that provide Before Christ calendar dating versus our
modern Anno Domini epoch shape present history. Hindsight provides
an opportunity to discover the magical aspects of time. BC to AD
calendar changes have substantial sources when we compare two ends
of a broken yardstick. Study the new covenant to seek the patch.
Jesus and AD Calendars
Anno Domini (After Divinity) is abbreviated AD. Common Era is
similarly written CE. Year numbering is important to
evaluating time with Julian calendar or the widely used latter,
Gregorian calendar dating. "Year zero" does not exist in both
systems, giving the sequence 1 BC followed by AD 1. Conception
or birth of Jesus starts
counting years in AD or CE reckoning. Post dating the
Christian era was formulated in 525 AD for distinguishing Easter
calculations. St. Bede applied notations translated to mean
Before Christ in 725 A.D. He and other Latin writers were
attempting to date the world in Creation terms.
Easter computations have greatly influenced church history.
Maintaining proper seasonal configuration has always been the goal
behind adjustments. Constantine and the First Council of
Nicaea established the rules for Easter celebration in 325 AD.
Easter was defined as the first Sunday after the full moon following
the northern hemisphere's vernal equinox. Other canonical and
early church matters were argued and decided.
Jewish Passover references from the Bible (Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20)
had always indicated springtime and generally the lunar/solar
calendar was used for dating Easter. Juxtaposition of two very
different calendars had consequences. Passover was a movable
Jewish festival that Roman solar calendar adherents tried to fixate
for Easter purpose. Constantine arranged for official Easter
recognition while seeking personal salvation. Early
Christianity experienced a dual outcome. The ever-expanding
Holy Roman Empire was finally gathered, to some degree, under a
theological Easter umbrella. Secondly, two different groups
conformed to enable dual calendar time streams: the Julian calendar,
Orthodox path and the Roman Catholic path. Roman Catholicism
coupled with the Julian calendar spread the word of Christianity
throughout the world.
Roman solar calendar progression had a spillover effect.
Jewish persecution reared its ugly head. In the fourth
century, Hillel II was pressured to establish a fixed calendar based
on mathematical and astronomical calculations. This calendar,
still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of
months over the course of a 19-year lunar/solar cycle. Based
upon the Greek Metonic cycle, the lunar calendar synchronizes with
solar years. Taxes could now be exacted ostensibly with the
same frequency throughout the Roman Empire.
The Crusades, European Monarchies and evolving Catholicism shared
the Julian calendar until more Easter corrections became
necessary. Orthodoxy continued using the Julian calendar with
minor variations. In 1582, the Julian calendar was modified by
Pope Gregory XIII. Calendar reckoning excluded ten days to
align the vernal equinox with Easter celebration. October 4,
1582 was followed the next day by October 15, 1582. Trends
during medieval era Protestantism were fueled by the Gregorian
calendar modification. Apparitions of the Virgin Mary, the
inquisition and the turmoil in Europe caused by Protestantism all
were manifestations of the Holy
Spirit pouring out to past and future. Once again,
the heavens respond to calendar changes. Calendar amendments
again punctured the outer insulation offered by the solar calendar
and the eternal realm of God
responded. Further proclaimed in the Gregorian calendar was a
leap day alteration. The previous Julian calendar included a
leap day addition every four years. The vernal spring,
celestial equinox was slipping into summer. The leap day
addition modified the end of February. Gregorian calendar
adjustments stipulated that leap day additions would be omitted in
those centurial years not evenly divisible by 400-years. The
year 1600 included a normal leap day. The years 1700, 1800 and
1900 skipped leap day inclusion to further correct the gradual drift
of the equinox date into summer. Our revised Gregorian
calendar incorporated a provision to add leap day in the year 2000.
Superimposing the Gregorian calendar over past calendars, striking
contrasts can be drawn. Day and night, count as one day from
the beginning until now. Judaism observes the Sabbath on
Saturday and Christians recognize a Sunday Sabbath. Five days
remain in the week for work, business and commerce.
Mesoamerican calendars include many cultural variations of the
representative 260-day-Tzolken-sacred-year. We evenly disperse
260-days separately in the modern calendar year. Five business
days multiply in 52-weeks for 260-days. Our secular calendar
applies 260-days for modern government and commercial matters,
excluding holidays. Saturday and Sunday of each week multiply
for 104-days in 52-weeks. Compared to the
364-day-Ethiopic-calendar, 104-days nearly equal the remaining
105-days left every year. Twelve months averaged at 30-days
each still provide 360-days. Although a separate 360-day
length of year is not present in the Gregorian solar calendar,
science and technology perpetuate the 360-degree circle. Our
last week of the year, between Christmas and New Years is a reserved
holiday week. Countless anniversaries recognize every
conceivable subject in substitution for ancient numerical matching
themes. Pharaonic Egypt inserted leap days every four
years. We continue this trait in the Gregorian calendar.
The Antediluvian Calendar of Genesis
incorporates 400-year-l/s-cycles I synonymously refer to as Mayan
400-year Baktun cycles. Our modern Gregorian version follows a
400-year pattern that omits three of four leap days during centurial
years. Time itself has not changed, only the methods of
calendar layers are different.
Two different calendar systems ushered in the period we have come to
know as the New Testament
era. While other lunar or lunar/solar systems continued
unabated, the Roman calendar experienced stark contrast preceding
and during the lifetime of Jesus.
Hindsight provides an opportunity to discover the magical aspects of
time. Consider two lengths of a broken yardstick that are
patched together. Before
Christ reckoning may underscore political upheaval as a
consequence of human behavior. Divine intervention occurs upon
history and a new covenant begins. After Divinity results in our modern half of the
yardstick. Secular calendar change mixes Judaism with
Christianity and continues to change the world.
Are you a pastor, educator or a student of the Holy Bible? Timeemits.com
seeks anointed people to review and contribute to the Ages_of_Adam ministry.
Ancient lunar/solar calendars like the Jewish and Mayan calendars
provide the background to understanding early time. Ancient
calendars of the Holy Bible
use differences between the moon and sun, numerical matching and a
364-day calendar year to describe X-number of days that match with
X-number of years. Ages_of_Adam
is a free read at timeemits.
Clark Nelson is webmaster for http://www.timeemits.com/Get_More_Time.htm,
author of Ages_of_Adam and
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