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Core books of the Holy Bible stem directly from original Septuagint writings. Bible history and other sacred texts provide a pool of work from which to draw calendar information. Ethiopian Enoch and differing Jubilee Cycles were circulating by the Exodus. Antediluvian characters having alternative ages sheds light upon how given time cycle components were assembled.



Septuagint Notes


Septuagint Manuscript Fragment Figure 1


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Septuagint Manuscript Fragment Figure 1


The Holy Bible commits the bulk of this Holy_of_Holies to exploring given ages for the Antediluvian Patriarchs from Enos to Enoch. Holy_of_Holies harvests calendar information from several known sources. The Jewish Calendar, Egyptian Calendar and Mesoamerican Calendars assist to discern fundamental requisites of lunar/solar calendar operations. Enhancing our view of ancient time recording, additional materials from the three Book(s) of Enoch, the Book of Jubilees and mythological inferences compile for better awareness about ancient calendar systems.

Supplementary writings serve our calendar interests. Original Septuagint texts translate to compose most of the canonical Holy Bible. The Septuagint is aptly noted LXX, for the legendary seventy or so scholars involved. Ptolemy II (285-247 BCE.) requested six translators from each of the twelve tribes of Israel to come to the library at Alexandria. They translated the first five books of Moses, or the Torah. The Pentateuch means the same name in Greek. Most scholars estimate the latter part of the third century for scripture translations into Greek. Noteworthy resources embrace various stages of correspondence with several collections attributed to be Septuagint. A survey of the differences and similarities yields more specific calendar information targeted toward resolving the ages listed in chapter 5 of Genesis.

A striking difference exists between the Antediluvian Septuagint calendar ages and respective ages in the traditional Bible. The mainstream part of the Septuagint copies the generational flow from the character's age at fatherhood until the characters death. The Septuagint mentions Adam's Primary Age to be 230-years when his son, Seth is born in Genesis 5:3. A stark 100-years of difference exists between the Primary 230-Year Age of Adam, as reputed by Septuagint text, and the accepted Adam Primary 130 Tun-year Age in canonical Holy Bible versions. This 100-year difference causes one to visualize two possible case scenarios.

Related text and graphics follow a color code in the Holy_of_Holies. Green bold text and graphics denote Patriarchs having a Lunar/Solar Primary Age Category entry. Adam Primary 130 Tun-year Age defines his first listed, Primary Age upon fathering his son, Seth. Adam begins Lunar/Solar 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycle 1 by marking 130 Tun-years. Each Tun-year is a Mayan Calendar term that counts 360 day-Tun-years.

Seth is the first Solar-Side Patriarch case to begin Solar-Side 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycle 1. Seth Primary 105-Ethiopic-year Venus Round 3 Age identifies Seth's Primary Age when fathers his son, Enos. Red text and graphics are used for Solar-Side characters. Ethiopic 364-day calendar years determine the last 4-days of 5-days every year are holidays, and the final 365th-day is not counted in regular computations. Ethiopic-years are considered Solar-Side since they extend beyond 360 day-Tun-years. Patriarch Seth has attachments with planet Venus time reckoning and Egyptian mythology.

Septuagint writers share convention with Genesis 5 scripture. Lunar/Solar, Solar-Side, Tun 360 Days & Years and Tzolken 260 Days & Years exemplify ancient calendar archetypes. Associated numerical matching of X-days with X-years bolsters a more comprehensive scheme that situates the difference between the Solar-Side 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycle and the 360 year-Midpoint (Tun) length of cycle. By numerical matching, the 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycle and the 360 year-Tun-cycle suggest 100-years are an isolated term. Less emphasis is placed upon the tally from beginning to the Primary Age ending at fatherhood. The Septuagint's 230-Year Primary Age of Adam departs from the chosen set of biblical l/s calendar terms. One must revert to the older versions, as translated from Torah, to give proper credit to the Holy Bible. Modern English versions of the Holy Bible better preserve original settings cast by the Torah. The Greek Septuagint did a more accurate job of translating spiritual underpinnings as opposed to precise numbers.
 
Adam Secondary 800-Year Generation Cycle 1 Age, measured from fatherhood until Adam's death, also mutates with regards to 700-years in the Septuagint. The identical 100-year deviation between the sacred texts affects the Secondary Age Category by the same amount. Primary and Secondary Ages of Adam offset 100-years according to the Septuagint. Mesoamerican l/s calendar ages are ideally fixed for both 130-Years, as half of Lunar/Solar 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycle 1; and Adam 400-Year Baktun Cycle 1, as half of the larger Adam 800-Year Generation Cycle 1. Septuagint authors add 100-years to the Bible Primary Ages for the first five characters: Adam, Seth, Enos (Enosh), Cainan (Kenan), and Mahalaleel (Mahalalel). They then subtract 100-years from Bible Secondary Ages to preserve lifetime age totals for the group.
 
Original Hebrew texts maintained accuracy in keeping with Mesoamerican Calendars. Specific calendar units of measurement show the principal time reckoning ingredients embedded as bits and pieces in religious lore. The difference lasting 100-years similarly carries through the remaining Septuagint genealogy. Seth, for example, is assigned 205-Years in his Primary Age before he fathers Enos. Seth's Secondary 707-Year Age indicates the same 100-year shortfall versus the Holy Bible account. Adam and Seth eventually sum their total lifetimes as 930-Years for Adam and 912-Years for Seth, respectively. Both summary lifespan ages affirm those given by the Holy Bible.

The second case sets aside 100-years and underlines practical attention for the 100 Days & Years single term scenario. Important considerations that select 100 Days & Years graphically determine the difference between 260 day-Tzolken-sacred-years and 360 day-Tun-years to formulate the larger frames of 260-Year Tzolken-Sacred-Cycles and 360 year-Tun-cycles. Closer scrutiny of the Bible's Seth Primary 105-Ethiopic-year Venus Round 3 Age reinforces notion that 100-years was most likely a 100 Day & Year single term portion, and the last 5-Ethiopic-Years share the very same treatment by referring to a holiday 5 Day & Year single term. Ending the 360 day-Tun-year with the special 5-Day Wayeb period agrees with ending a 360 year-Tun-cycle with an outstanding terminal 5-Year Wayab.

Septuagint translators had access to Torah scrolls and other manuscripts that modern people may never know. The library at Alexandria was partially destroyed by fire when Julius Caesar laid siege to the city in 48 BCE. Stringent rules for recopying Torah scrolls have always been in effect. Asserted in Deuteronomy 4:2 and 31:24-26, all scriptures are to be left unchanged. Stewardship of the scriptures was granted to the Levite priesthood. The New Testament later affirms the "oracles of God" are committed to the Jewish people (Romans 3:2).

The earliest scriptures tell how Levites protected the sanctity and original meanings inherent to the Hebrew Bible. Religious law determined copy practices of the Levite priesthood. The Levites were chosen to make new copies of the Bible as older copies wore out. Meticulous rules were developed for transcribing text. Every page needs to be an exact duplicate, word for word, and letter by letter. Numbers of words and/or letters per page were counted and compared to the original text. Up to three people eventually were required to make a copy. A copyist sat in full Jewish dress, accompanied by at least two others tasked with checking the manuscript for errors. Safeguarding the Sacred Text enable the acclaimed "fence to the scriptures." Words and letters were locked into position. A single mistake caused the entire work to be destroyed and the whole process started over.

Temple Scriptures were placed inside the Ark of the Covenant, which was located in the Holy of Holies or Most Holy Place. Levite scribes continued to painstakingly duplicate and distribute copies. The last Old Testament Prophet and scribe, Ezra is said to have fixed the canon of the Old Testament about 400 BCE. Masoretic Text (MT) refers to later versions that date between 500-1000 CE. The moral to this condensed story is to realize due precautions have been observed to ensure the highest degree of content and meaning are conveyed by the new copy.

Our purpose here is to extract pertinent fragmentary evidence offered by ancient writings to facilitate reconstruction of calendar systems. We can rest assured diligent care was exercised by Septuagint translators in creating Greek rendition(s) of the Bible. According to the Letter of Aristeas, the Jerusalem high priest, Eleazar was to appoint Jewish sages trained to ensure precise translations were generated.

Examination of the 100 Day & Year single term unit precludes simple editorial corruption concerning the frequency and deliberate variations of the Antediluvian Ages. The 100 Day & Year single terms take new instrument meanings by separating two component 50-Year Jubilee Cycle(s) in Leviticus. Periods of 7-weeks having 50-days are celebrated by Jewish Calendar festivals of Passover and Counting the Omer that leads to Shav'ot. Modern King James Version (KJV), New International Version (NIV), and many other versions have corrected any errors to reflect the original Hebrew.

The Hebrew alphabet is language and numbering system. Translating numbers into Latin, Greek and finally English tends to lump together their numerical values and the units. Two passes of the Jubilee 50 Day & Year single term, rather than 100 Days & Years combined, substantially alters our interpretation of the Antediluvian Ages. Mesoamerican Calendar earmarks are visible, where adding two 52-Year Calendar Rounds per 104-Year Venus Round follows the same pattern.

The last 5 Day & Year single term acquires a special holiday unit regarding Jewish Solar 105-Ethiopic-year Venus Rounds. For each numbered Solar-Side Venus Round 1-13, an improved descriptive label sets apart the 5-Ethiopic-year tag. Jewish Seth Primary Solar 105-Ethiopic-year Venus Round 3 Age (Seth S 105-Y VR 3) conveys the first 5-Ethiopic-year tag. Separately isolating 5-Ethiopic-year tag packages supplement holiday Solar-Side totals for continuity in the chain calculation. Seth through Jared preserve additional holiday summary beyond their respective 800-Year Generation Cycles 2-6. Seth includes the first holiday 5-Ethiopic-year tag, which converts to 7-Tzolken-sacred-years, in his Seth Secondary 807-Year Generation Cycle 2 Age. Enos, son of Seth, carries 15-Ethiopic-years (or 3 x 5-Ethiopic-year tag) extra in Enos Secondary 815-Year Generation Cycle 3 Age. Cumulative Solar-Side 5-Ethiopic-year tags serve to track successive 105-Ethiopic-Year Venus Rounds throughout the lineage until Jared Secondary 800-Year Generation Cycle 6 Age returns the chain to the station of Adam Secondary 800-Year Generation Cycle 1 Age. Composite Secondary Age Category members trace different units. 


Dead Sea Scroll Fragment of
The Book of Jubilees Figure 2



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Dead Sea Scroll Fragment of
The Book of Jubilees Figure 2


The
Book of Jubilees or The Book of Divisions, is another sacred piece introduced in Ages_of_Adam. Most likely written in the 2nd century BCE, The Book of Jubilees is a historical account from Creation to Moses. The narrative divides Jubilee Cycles into 49-Years in a familiar story comparable to Genesis. The only complete version of The Book of Jubilees is in Ethiopian. Large sections survive in Latin and Greek.


7 Ancient Texts refer to 364 day-Ethiopic-years or Jubilee Cycles:
 
  • Holy Bible
  • Ethiopic Book of Enoch I
  • Slavonic Book of Enoch II
  • Hebrew Book of Enoch III
  • Book of Jubilees
  • Dead Sea Scrolls
  • The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs


  • Qumran Caves Figure 3



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    Qumran Caves Figure 3


    Discovery of Dead Sea Scroll fragments in 1947 verified the integrity of shared meanings and script within the body of sacred works. Jesus Christ is often profiled as an Essene familiar with the Qumran community and potentially their library. Barely a day's journey from Jerusalem to the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea indicates travel on a regular basis was possible. Sabbaths, monthly beginnings and festivals of the Dead Sea sect are described by the Calendrical Document from Cave 4 (4Q325). The Dead Sea sect used a solar 364 day-Ethiopic-year in opposition to Temple leaders favoring more popular lunar years. Christ does not seem to endorse either lunar-side or solar-side calendars in the New Testament. He instead, emphatically taught his disciples to follow original Mosaic Law and blatantly disagreed with contemporary hypocrisy.
     

    Matthew 23:1-3 (NIV)

    1. Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples:
    2. "The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat."
    3. "So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach."


    Essene adoption of a 7-year-week was prevalent at Qumran. Jubilee style 364 day-Ethiopic-years count the final, last 365th-day separately from the regular computation of the year. Jubilee Cycles lasting 49-Years, or 7-cycles of 7-year-weeks, were original observations during the Exodus. This practice consistently maintains Sabbath continuity over the course of 7-day-weeks and 7-year-weeks. The Book of Jubilees and The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs reiterate customary 49-Year Jubilee Cycles for the Antediluvian family. Jewish Ethiopian is an authentic resource digressing from widely accepted 365 day-solar-years.

    Egyptian prince Moses visited Ethiopia prior to the Exodus. He went under the pretense of a diplomatic mission or to conquer. Numbers 12:1 reports Moses married an Ethiopian woman, whom some say was the daughter of a King. Growing up in Egyptian aristocracy gave Moses unfettered access to the most sacred writings concerning the calendar. He may have merged very ancient records with new content derived through his Ethiopian wife. Moses rejected ancient Egyptian polytheism to prefer the single omnipotent God. He realized the Antediluvian Patriarch legacy was guarded information and sought to include the group with other Torah manuscripts. Along with new livelihood for the people, he brought valuable treasure and historical knowledge out of Egypt. The archive was a crucial addition to the Ark of the Covenant.

    The Septuagint is the early Greek translation of Old Testament dating to the third century BCE. Scholars have sifted through canonical Septuagint versions with regard to the Holy Bible and those books considered Apocryphal and non-canonical. Debate continues over just where and how The Book of Enoch was marred with controversy. A fascinating Bible study all its own, Enoch has been a figure riddled with accusation. Apocrypha derives from Latin roots that mean hidden or secret. Spiritual fallen angels have never enjoyed favoritism in Judaism, let alone early Christian church fathers. Reformers influencing the Old Testament Jewish canon avoided placing at least 15 books with the official 39 books. Christians assigned pejorative connotations to Apocryphal works and labeled them heretical. The Book of Enoch was preserved by the Ethiopian Church and inspired esoteric circles. James Bruce discovered three such surviving Books of Enoch in Ethiopia in 1773. In 1821, Dr. Richard Laurence translated the first English version.

    The Slavonic Enoch 2 was discovered in 1886 by professor Sokolov in the archives of the Belgrade Public Library. The core of the Slavonic Enoch 2, or The Book of the Secrets of Enoch, reflects much of the Enoch I relationship toward calendar loaded text. Discovery of several Enochian fragments at Qumran proves the material was known to the Essene community. Awareness about such authenticity has elevated the Antediluvian character to his present stature. Certain para-phrasing in the New Testament echoes much of the style and meaning behind variations of the Book of Enoch I and II.

    Some sages feel there is abundant proof that Christ knew about and approved of the Book of Enoch. Over a hundred phrases in the New Testament are represented in the Book of Enoch. Early Christian church editors seem to have adjusted Enoch 2 to make the book more palpable. Suppression of Apocryphal works was commonplace for over a thousand years. Hebrews 11:5 and Jude 1:14-15 illustrate that Enoch held position among Septuagint authors. Heavenly Watcher, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, and many other partial allusions to Enoch references appear in the New Testament.

    Including Septuagint calendar references with Holy Bible scripture discussion lends further historical insight. Valid 364 day-Ethiopic-years justify original 49-Year and 50-Year Jubilee Cycle functions. Given that Moses departed Egypt with such archival records and temple treasure, every angle for discernment should be considered. Ancient cultures sought to find whole number, integer values for time cycles. Time cycle numbers with a half remaining beyond the least significant day or year integer are doubled to make the next whole number. Quarter fractions sustain the customary practice by quadrupling age. Halves and quarter time cycles lead to binary progression in order to achieve the next significant integer multiple.

    Enoch 3 or The Hebrew Book of Enoch quantifies multiple descriptions with a single word translated as parasang. Parasang is borrowed from ancient Persian vocabulary frequently mentioned for Talmudic and biblical units of linear measure. Hugo Odeberg's translation of Enoch 3 indicates numbered parasangs were indispensable measures of numerically matched time cycles. A myriad of 365 thousand parasangs and occasionally, 354 thousand parasangs throughout the book preempts linear distances. The 1000-parasang multiplier regarding 365 day-solar-years or 354 day-lunar-years attaches a long time implication to the phrase. A given number of long times are assigned in a quest to detail spirituality. Odeberg's page notes reflect commentary where Enoch 3 shares key points with alternative sources. Some 365,000 parasangs seem almost interchangeable with another phrase: 365,000 myriads of ministering angels widely used in rabbinic literature.

    A definite number of angels dancing on the head of a pin is an appropriate comparison. Exact numbers guide the precision involved by numerically matching l/s calendar 49-Year or 50-Year Jubilee Cycles. The size of the pin, kind of steel used or how sharp the point is irrelevant. Septuagint 49-Year Jubilee Cycles using 364 day-Ethiopic-years provide a slightly different interpretation of Antediluvian Ages to complement literal 50-Year Jubilee Cycles from Genesis 5.

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    Are you a pastor, educator or a student of the Holy Bible? Timeemits.com seeks anointed people to review and contribute to the Holy_of_Holies ministry. Ancient lunar/solar calendars like the Jewish and Mayan calendars provide the background to understanding early time. Ancient calendars of the Holy Bible use differences between the moon and sun, and 364-day calendar years to numerically match X-number of Days & Years.

    tags Septuagint, Jubilee, Enoch, Antediluvian, Hebrew, Greek, Genesis, parasang, integer, Apocrypha, Dead Sea, Jesus, Ethiopia, sacred, text

    Clark Nelson is webmaster for http://timeemits.com/Get_More_Time.htm, author of Ages_of_Adam and sequel, Holy_of_Holies.
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