World Calendar Proposal modified a 364-Day Calendar Year to become
popular about 1930. World Calendar discussion was championed
alongside suffrage movements and prohibition efforts. Favorable
causes often evidence early social progress. Insufficient majority
opinion undermines resolutions then and now. Jewish leaders opposed
reforms, citing anti-Semitism.
World Calendar Year
The World Calendar Proposal year shown below balances monthly
endings, quarter years and half years. All years are alike, and
all quarters are alike with the World Calendar. Every quarter has
91 days each, with the monthly sequence following 31 days, 30
days, and 30 days. There are 52 even weeks. Worldsday on December
31 is the last day of every year. Worldsday is represented by
double asterisks. World's Leap Day is shown by a single asterisk
to occur on June 31 during leap years only. Both Worldsday and
World's Leap Day are additional to quarter years that have 91
days. The most productive future is gained via the World Calendar
The World Calendar improves the
future to meet the demands of modern society. New Year's
Day on January 1 in the year of our Lord, 2000 AD, opened the third millennium of
the Christian era. The next 1,000 years began. Time,
the calendar, is our past, present and future. The New Year
hallmark paves the way for future history. To greet a new
decade, or even a century, is monumental. Important
holidays, paychecks, bills, schedules and appointments are
governed by our use of the calendar. Religious beliefs are
rigidly embedded into the calendar as holidays and festive
occasions. This thousand year calendar transition has
happened only once since Christ.
World wide, the calendar specifies business and commerce
needs. To satisfy many diverse cultures, backgrounds and
political structures, our modern calendar must meet demands on a
global scale. A choice to pursue a more appealing time
scale is universal. We will have an ultimate, special
opportunity to rejoice in the Lord.
The World Calendar advances stability and order. The World
Calendar Proposal is dedicated to the new millennium. A pace we
set early in the millennium provides the cornerstone for the
next 1000 years. A critical point of history is the chance
to fix a determined course.
Since antiquity, humanity has sought to measure time correctly.
Enhancing the nature and use of time is the purpose of the World
Calendar. The World Calendar Proposal supports the future use of
time for improved lifestyles. From the onset of day and night in
Genesis, time reckoning
and the Lord have been
as one. Calendars are the special field that bond with the
eternal nature of supreme faith and miraculous works. Divisions
between whatever has been in the past, and whatever will be in
the future are intangible aspects of the calendar. Calendar
science and belief set the stage to alter destiny.
In all the known history of the world there are only about
twenty-five different forms of calendars and branches.
About half of these comprise the class of lunar/solar
calendars. Use of the lunar/solar calendar and associated
theologies were widespread throughout ancient
civilization. Cultures emerging in the Middle East
vicinity embedded specialized holiday celebrations directly into
the calendar. Certain festivals and anniversary
commemorations were ordained to become Holy; to divide, and set
apart those days for worship. The sacred seven-day week is
our foremost example of calendar operation.
The seven-day week was once observed according to the four prime
lunar phases. New moon crescent appearances were employed to
count the days per month. Twelve complete lunar moon months make
up the lunar year. Since time itself can only be used to count
longer periods of time, the span called the solar year is based
on different heavenly motions. Any solar year is measured by
rising positions of the sun on the horizon, the cardinal points
of equinoxes and solstices, and by the course of stars in the
heavens. Solar calendars measure greater expanses of time as
years. The sun is used to measure our modern solar year that has
365 days, plus a leap day fraction. Most of the world presently
uses the solar year in the Common Era to mark time. The
remaining half of calendars generally used to reckon world
history are solar calendars.
The calendar can best share "His story" by distributing weekdays
and months with precision. Spiritual names have traditionally
been assigned to weekdays and months that indicate the heavens.
For example, Sunday and Monday are named for the greater and
lesser lights (Genesis 5:16).
Historical figures and events are immortalized. Over 2,000 years
ago, an old Roman solar calendar called the Julian Calendar
began the Christian era. The Gregorian Calendar namesake we
currently use credits Pope Gregory XIII from the year 1582. Our
calendar appoints specific times. We coordinate time by defining
months, days, hours, minutes and finally seconds.
The Julian Calendar
Julius Caesar desired to further expand Roman control in the
Holy Lands and elsewhere. He invades Egypt and proclaims
Cleopatra queen in 47 BCE. The lack of a universally
recognized Roman calendar was problematic to his efforts.
He learns of the Egyptian solar calendar having 365-days and
plans its adoption by Rome. His goal is to extract taxes
according to a schedule. Jewish people were using
basically the same version of 19-year lunar/solar
calendar. Some differences were apparent as they sought to
synchronize calendars by sighting new moons. Other
regional cultures likewise had issues with consistency.
Julius Caesar employs the Egyptian astronomer Sosigenes to help
devise a new 12-month calendar starting 45 BCE. His
namesake Julian calendar reform extends July to 31-days and
shortens February from 30-days to 29-days.
The year 46 BCE became an extra-long year by Julian
decree. Ending a series of irregular years, the "last year
of confusion" was extended to 445-days. The calendar year
was reset to start January 1, 45 BCE. The Roman Republican
calendar previously had 10 numbered months and one extra
intercalary month added during February. Februarius had
been a purification month since the former lunar/solar calendar
had only 355-days during regular years. Julian adjustments
further spread some 10-days more amongst the monthly
endings. A leap month every 2 or 3 years changed into leap
day to end the year on February 29. The ultimate time
reckoning shift had occurred. A new Julian system had
replaced the earlier lunar/solar (proleptic) system.
After Caesar’s death in 44 BCE, Octavius appoints himself
Augustus, meaning first emperor. Augustus Caesar (pontifex
maximus) continued some Julian policies, including chastity law
and calendar enactment. Augustus felt slighted and decided
to extend our current month August from 30 to 31-days.
February gets further shortened to 28-days. Roman
officials were imposing solar calendar reform upon Jewish
lunar/solar traditions. Customary Jewish Passover
pilgrimage at this time meant everyone would return to their
home city and be counted for impending Roman taxation.
Leap days were the next solar calendar disturbance. The
Decree of Canopus was issued by the pharaoh Ptolemy III, c. 238
BCE. Egypt was instructed to add an extra day every fourth
year. Egypt was using a 12-month, 365-day solar year in
the third century BCE. Ptolemy III efforts to implement
the traditional leap year pattern were largely
unsuccessful. Disagreement amongst Roman leaders lead to
improper leap day additions during at least the first 36-years
following inception. Augustus further spread the Julian
calendar with modification. Emperor Augustus successfully
instituted a reformed Alexandrian calendar by adopting an
Egyptian leap year in 25 BCE. Augustus skipped three leap
days in order to realign the year and correct future leap day
routines by 8 AD. The normal Julian leap year sequence
began in AD 4, the 12th year of the Augustan reform; and the
Roman calendar was finally aligned to the Julian calendar in 1
BCE. The first full year of alignment occurred AD 1.
Easter and Christmas Beginnings
Calendars are central to doctrines prescribed by worship.
Previous calendars reason that all calendars have been in "past
tense." Devotion to mainstay religious convictions is directly
embedded in all calendars. Since years are numbered by the solar
calendar, and worldwide use of the Gregorian Calendar approaches
the year 2,000 A.D., we live in the era that began with the
inspired New Testament.
The inception of a New
Testament to the Holy
Bible and a new solar calendar authority is based upon
the life of Jesus Christ.
Easter and Christmas became the two most important holidays for
religious history recorded by the Julian Calendar. Early church
fathers combined the Julian Calendar with Jewish Calendar
influence. Declaring Sunday, rather than Saturday, as the
Christian Sabbath Day followed the Roman definition of changing
the days at midnight.
Easter is the triumphal anniversary festival over darkness for
the resurrection of Christ.
Eaostre was originally a pagan festival, derived from natural
Earth motion. The spring equinox near March 21, marks the
beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. On the equinox,
the hours of daylight are equal to the interval from sunset to
sunrise, or night. Eastre was the Anglo-Saxon goddess for the
spring equinox. The first Council of Nicaea fixed the date of
Easter according to the proclamation of "the first Sunday after
the first full moon following the spring equinox." Following
Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity, the Council of
Nicaea initiated the important celebration known to Christians
in 325 A.D. Constantine also supported a Sunday Christian
The Christmas season honors the Nativity, and the hope of
rebirth in eternal life that comes through the birth of Christ.
In the fourth quarter of the year, the ancient Egyptians once
held a festival called the "Nativity of the Sun's Walking
Stick." The failing daylight of the sun suggested the need of a
walking stick, or staff, to aid the sun during the last part of
transit. Representing the sun - god, the Pharaoh walked around
temple walls using a staff.
Significance of the walking staff is visible when the rod of God is displayed before the
Egyptian Pharaoh (Exodus 7:10 -
12). Aaron casts the staff given to Moses down before
Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent. Pharaoh
called the magicians of Egypt to cast down their rods. The
magicians' rods became serpents, but Aaron's rod swallowed up
their rods. Solar worship and Egyptian symbolism behind the
staff were uniquely related.
Increasing daylight following the winter solstice around
December 22, once marked the Roman celebration of Saturnalia.
Saturnalia, during December 17 - 24, was devoted to the
planetary god Saturn. About 273 A.D., the Roman Emperor Auerlian
instituted the "birthday of the unconquered Sun" festival. The
seven day week ends with Saturday, reinforcing the idea of
Saturnalia ending the year. Pagan ceremonies were changed to
Christian in 354 A.D. and the birthday of Christ was declared to be
The Gregorian Calendar
The Crusades, European Monarchies and evolving Catholicism
shared the Julian calendar until more Easter corrections became
necessary. Orthodoxy continued using the Julian calendar
with minor variations. In 1582, the Julian calendar was
modified by Pope Gregory XIII. Calendar reckoning excluded
ten days to align the vernal equinox with Easter
celebration. October 4, 1582 was followed the next day by
October 15, 1582. Trends during medieval era Protestantism
were fueled by the Gregorian calendar modification.
Apparitions of the Virgin Mary, the inquisition and the turmoil
in Europe caused by Protestantism all were manifestations of the
Holy Spirit pouring out
to past and future. Once again, the heavens respond to
calendar changes. Calendar amendments again punctured the
outer insulation offered by the solar calendar and the eternal
realm of God
responded. Further proclaimed in the Gregorian calendar
was a leap day alteration. The previous Julian calendar
included a leap day addition every four years. The vernal
spring, celestial equinox was slipping into summer. The
leap day addition modified the end of February. Gregorian
calendar adjustments stipulated that leap day additions would be
omitted in those centurial years not evenly divisible by
400-years. The year 1600 included a normal leap day.
The years 1700, 1800 and 1900 skipped leap day inclusion to
further correct the gradual drift of the equinox date into
summer. Our revised Gregorian calendar incorporated a
provision to add leap day in the year 2000.
Superimposing the Gregorian calendar over past calendars,
striking contrasts can be drawn. Day and night, count as
one day from the beginning until now. Judaism observes the
Sabbath on Saturday and Christians recognize a Sunday
Sabbath. Five days remain in the week for work, business
and commerce. Mesoamerican calendars include many cultural
variations of the representative
260-day-Tzolken-sacred-year. We evenly disperse 260-days
separately in the modern calendar year. Five business days
multiply in 52-weeks for 260-days. Our secular calendar
applies 260-days for modern government and commercial matters,
excluding holidays. Saturday and Sunday of each week
multiply for 104-days in 52-weeks. Compared to the
364-day-Ethiopic-calendar, 104-days nearly equal the remaining
105-days left every year. Twelve months averaged at
30-days each still provide 360-days. Although a separate
360-day length of year is not present in the Gregorian solar
calendar, science and technology perpetuate the 360-degree
circle. Our last week of the year, between Christmas and
New Years is a reserved holiday week. Countless
anniversaries recognize every conceivable subject in
substitution for ancient numerical matching themes.
Pharaonic Egypt inserted leap days every four years. We
continue this trait in the Gregorian calendar. The
Antediluvian Calendar of Genesis
incorporates 400-year-l/s-cycles I synonymously refer to as
Mayan 400-year Baktun cycles. Our modern Gregorian version
follows a 400-year pattern that omits three of four leap days
during centurial years. Time itself has not changed, only
the methods of calendar layers are different.
Pope Gregory's namesake calendar reform recognized that a solar
calendar cycle synchronized once again after completing
400-years. Easter calculations combined religious observation
with scientific reasoning to establish a better way of calendar
time keeping. A 400-year repeating solar period was understood
long ago by ancient people. Mesoamerican Calendars utilized a
400-year-Baktun-cycles in a complex and sacred form of a
lunar/solar calendar. Ancient Egyptians were numerically
matching days and years according to the stars well before Moses
led the Exodus of the Old
doubles a 400-year count to measure the 800 year Generation Cycle
seen for Adam, after he had begotten his son, Seth (Genesis 5:4). The 400 year
calendar cycle is the pinnacle of calendar measurement for all
time that has ever been, or will ever be. From the earliest Bible times, to the advent
of the Christian era and the future, religious use of the
The present Gregorian version of the calendar is adjusted by the
leap day insertion February 29 in the traditional four year
pattern. Further refinement is obtained by omitting leap days in
those centennial years not evenly divisible by 400. Following
the Gregorian reform of 1582, the year 1600 repeated leap day as
usual. In the years 1700, 1800, and 1900, leap days were
dropped. The year 2000 will contain the first centennial leap
day since 1600. While the Gregorian Calendar is very accurate
astronomically speaking, in common practice it becomes awkward
and confusing. Present calendar application imposes traits which
inhibit growth and hamper prosperity. The seven day week,
completing 52 even rounds, leaves one and one quarter day at the
end of each year. Leap day accounts for the fractional part.
Yet, the final day causes a shifting year. The fresh year must
be reckoned with on a continuing basis. Planning is far more
difficult when the first and last days of the month fall
randomly on the days of week. We have 29 different kinds of
months, with 24, 25, 26, or 27 weekdays, and four, or five
Sundays. Unsymmetrical quarter and half year periods make
statistics difficult to interpret. The World Calendar adjusts
the present Gregorian Calendar to meet the needs of our 21 st
Gregorian Calendar Inadequacies
• Unequal quarters and half years.
• Mixed fixed and floating holidays.
• Mismatch of weekday names and dates during
• Leap day falling on February 29 th during
• Months occur in haphazard order with 28, 30,
or 31 days during an ordinary year.
• Business, government, and financial
statistics are cumbersome.
The Gregorian Calendar system is inefficient. With minor
revisions, the present calendar easily adapts to avoid its
common drawbacks. The primary advantage of the World Calendar is
the first day and date combination through consecutive years.
Calendar improvement discussion has covered 150 years. The most
popular ideas are woven into the World Calendar Proposal.
The World Calendar modified the 364 calendar year to became
popular about 1930. World Calendar discussion was championed
alongside suffrage movements and prohibition efforts. Other
calendars were suggested. The Eastman and Barlow calendars
consisted of 13-months of 28-days each, although each lacked
substantial favor over the World Calendar. Jewish leaders
steadfastly opposed any calendar reforms, citing anti-Semitism.
Past World Calendar dialogue is attributed with encouraging
Monday Federal holiday rules.
Worldsday and World's Leap Day
The World Calendar Proposal establishes the two most critical
holidays to the World Calendar. Worldsday on December 31, and
World's Leap Day on June 31 yield new significance to yearly
beginnings, endings, and the mid-points of leap years. Worldsday
and World's Leap Day are spaced exactly six months apart with
the solar year application of the World Calendar. Worldsday is
celebrated on New Year's Eve every year. Leap day is moved from
February 29 every four year to the end of June. The World's Leap
Day insertion extends June from 30 days to 31 days every fourth
year. Adding World's Leap Day at the mid-point of leap years
finishes the second quarter with 91 days every fourth year. Half
years, quarters, and monthly endings are evenly balanced. Annual
holidays and other special events are accentuated with identical
years. Holding special importance, these two new holidays lend
themselves to religious or business preference.
The original World Calendar Association accommodated differing
worship days. Given that 52 even weeks account for 364 days,
Worldsday and World's Leap Day remain to be assigned weekday
names. One option was the Christian preference of a Sunday only
namesake. This idea simply adds extra Sundays for Worldsday on
December 31 each year. World's Leap Day every four years on June
31 also specifies another Sunday. Two other possibilities came
about. An alternate Saturday/Sunday naming sequence for
Worldsday and World's Leap Day was optional. A blank weekday
name insertion was also offered. Worldsday and World's Leap Day
would then be reserved as independent days for private,
religious, or civil use. Founder and President of the original
World Calendar Association, Elisabeth Achelis left weekday
naming assignments for Worldsday and World's Leap Day to
individual concerns. The World Calendar Proposal extends the
possible weekday naming options to include the concept of
cascaded time. All or part of these many choices are suggestions
and may be used in conjunction with the others.
The World Calendar is the alternative future for the modern age.
The best intentions of the World Calendar Proposal are shown
above. Minor adjustments of the present calendar year are
needed. The true length of the year and the leap day addition
every four years remain intact. World Calendar improvements
divide the year into four equal quarters of 91 days each. The
monthly sequence is evenly distributed over 31, 30, and 30 days
per quarter. Each quarter represents 13 weeks of 7 days, and the
half years consist of 26 weeks. Monthly endings are balanced
throughout the year. The additional day left at the end of the
last quarter will be given to December 31. Worldsday would be
celebrated on New Year's Eve, amplifying the effects of New
Year's Day to follow. World's Leap Day will occur on June 31
during leap years. February changes to a 30 day month, providing
equal quarters and more uniform distribution of time. January is
not changed, whereas March will be shortened to 30 days. April
is the first month of the second quarter and contains 31 days.
May and June are 30 days long during regular years. In the third
and fourth quarters, July and October retain 31 days. Changing
August to 30 days enables transferring another day to the end of
February. September and November continue to have 30 days each.
August is changed to 30 days, facilitating transfer of another
day to end of February. September and November continue to have
30 days. The name of Worldsday will be associated with New
Year's Eve. The excitement of greeting the new year under a
global idea creates a new bond among people. A collective world
approach to problems of today and tomorrow might well be the
greatest accomplishment in the history of humanity. Unity for a
common purpose vastly improves the future of civilization.
Generations to follow us rely on our present foresight and
World Calendar Advantages
• A single, consistent year with weekdays
fixed to dates.
• Each year begins with New Year's Day on
Sunday, January 1st.
• Quarter and half years likewise begin on
Sundays and end on Saturdays.
• Holidays and other annual events reoccur on
a specific day and date.
• Quarter and half years are equalized, with
every quarter containing 13 weeks, or 91 days; and half years
consist of 26 weeks, or 182 days.
• Quarter years continue a three month regular
sequence of 31, 30 and 30 days.
• Each of the 12 months has 26 weekdays plus
• Two World Holidays complement New Year's
Day. Worldsday, or New Year's Even December 31, and World's Leap
Day on June 31 during leap years, divide the years precisely.
• 52 even weeks of 7 days plus Worldsday
secure days and dates in consecutive years.
"... and the name of the city
of my God, which is
new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: ..."
John the Divine
In the 21 st Century, the need for a total commitment to the
future will be more urgent. Among the many concerns we face are
the social aspects of pollution, water and food shortages,
nuclear war, energy demand, crime, and the economy. We must
respect eternal hope and avoid resigning ourselves to a doomsday
end times prophecy. Proactive steps are will guide us toward a
The calendar year transfers the need to circulate wealth.
Society depends on national and local governments for stability,
commerce for financial operations, and individuals to support
nurturing of the human species. Religious trends maintain
special variations of the calendar year. The best example of
differing calendar systems that represent an international
situation is demonstrated in the holiest of cities, Jerusalem. A
"New Jerusalem" is often regarded as the center of Christian
prophetic worship (Heb. 12:22,
Rev. 21:2, Rev. 3:12).
The front page of the Jerusalem Post International Edition
newspaper contains three dates of three calendars under the
title. The date by month, day, and year of the western Gregorian
Calendar is given first on the left. The Jewish Calendar date
follows in the center according to the day of the month, month,
and the number of the Jewish Calendar year. On the right is the
day of the month, month, and the number of the Islamic Calendar
year. Three religions and three separate versions of past
history are combined every day. The World Calendar can unite
people who use the same version of the calendar.
The World Calendar issue has been respectfully accepted and
endorsed by numerous organizations. The viable resolution
offered by the World Calendar is easily implemented. The
changing millennia will prophecy and restore that which was
lost. The former World Calendar Association offered an open
forum for public response.
Jewish Calendar Highlights
Jewish leaders became sensitive to preserving the continuity of
the seven day week many years ago. Sacred observance of the
Jewish Calendar is fundamental to Judaism at large. The
traditional Jewish Calendar is a lunar - solar calendar that
uses a 19 year cycle. Lunar months having about 29.5 days each
are measured by four complete phases of the moon. The Jewish
lunar/solar calendar applies the oldest calendar mechanics in
existence. Lunar years of the Jewish Calendar count 12 moon
months. Twelve mature lunar months multiply by 29.5 days per
lunar month for 354 days to approximate the lunar year.
Time differences between lunar and solar calendar years provide
lunar/solar calendar adjustments or intercalations. Subtraction
yields 11 days of lunar/solar separation time between the lunar
year of 12 moon months, and the solar year of about 365 days.
Eleven days of difference every year were the staple for
lunar/solar calendars. During 19 years, 11 days of lunar/solar
separation time every year multiply this division between lunar
years and solar years. Lunar/solar separation time measures 209
days of difference after 19 years have passed. Therefore, the
Jewish 19 year lunar-solar calendar incorporates these remaining
209 days of separation as intercalary days in order to catch up
the lunar side of the calendar, with the solar side of the
calendar. Sabbath days and festival periods such as Rosh
Hashanah, Passover, Yom Kippur, and others, are observed
according to the 19 year Metonic cycle of the Jewish Calendar.
The Jewish Calendar is the most widely known lunar/solar
calendar still in continuous use in our modern times. The Jewish
Calendar applies the oldest calendar mechanics in existence. The
approximated 209 days of lunar/solar separation time were
accumulated through close observation of the moon, sun, and
stars during a 19 year cycle. These extra 209 days are divided
into seven intercalary months to reinforce the sacred seven day
week, and they usually alternate between 29 days and 30 days
each in the Jewish Calendar. One extra Veador month is inserted
seven different times during 19 years. The Veador month, or
second Adar, is added every two or three years.
The Jewish lunar/solar calendar year is symbolically affirmed by
establishing the two most critical holidays to the World
Calendar Proposal. Worldsday and World's Leap Day are exactly
six months apart. Two major Jewish holidays are emphasized with
the solar year application of the World Calendar. The evening of
Worldsday characterizes the evening prior to Rosh Hashanah. New
Year's Day compares with Rosh Hashanah, or the first day of the
Jewish New Year. Six months later, the Jewish Day of Atonement,
or Yom Kippur, is symbolically represented by the use of World's
Leap Day on June 31 during leap years. By dividing the solar
calendar years in half, two major holidays that were ordained to
Moses are represented.
The Jewish Calendar employs a 19 year lunar/solar calendar. Very
different from the present Gregorian Calendar, Jewish Calendar
months have different names. There is no relation between
monthly beginning and ending dates for the different calendar
systems. The Gregorian Calendar and the World Calendar
intercalate leap days only. The Jewish Calendar intercalates
entire months. Christian holidays such as Christmas and Easter
are not interfered with in the World Calendar Proposal.
Traditional Jewish holidays such as Rosh Hashana and the
Passover belong distinctly to the Jewish Calendar and remain
World_Calendar_Proposal modified the
364-Day Calendar Year to become popular about 1930. World
Calendar discussion was championed alongside suffrage movements
and prohibition efforts. Favorable causes often evidence early
social progress. Insufficient majority opinion undermines
resolutions then and now. Jewish leaders opposed reforms, citing
anti-Semitism. 298 kb
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Ancient lunar/solar calendars like the Jewish and Mayan
calendars provide the background to understanding early
time. Ancient calendars of the Holy Bible use differences between the moon and
sun, numerical matching and a 364-day calendar year to describe
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